- Kubectl is the Kubernetes cli
- Kubectl provides a swiss army knife of functionality for working with Kubernetes clusters
- Kubectl may be used to deploy and manage applications on Kubernetes
- Kubectl may be used for scripting and building higher-level frameworks
Kubectl is the Kubernetes cli version of a swiss army knife, and can do many things.
While this Book is focused on using Kubectl to declaratively manage Applications in Kubernetes, it also covers other Kubectl functions.
Most Kubectl commands typically fall into one of a few categories:
|Declarative Resource Management||Deployment and Operations (e.g. GitOps)||Declaratively manage Kubernetes Workloads using Resource Config|
|Imperative Resource Management||Development Only||Run commands to manage Kubernetes Workloads using Command Line arguments and flags|
|Printing Workload State||Debugging||Print information about Workloads|
|Interacting with Containers||Debugging||Exec, Attach, Cp, Logs|
|Cluster Management||Cluster Ops||Drain and Cordon Nodes|
Declarative Application Management
The preferred approach for managing Resources is through declarative files called Resource Config used with the Kubectl Apply command. This command reads a local (or remote) file structure and modifies cluster state to reflect the declared intent.
ApplyApply is the preferred mechanism for managing Resources in a Kubernetes cluster.
Printing state about Workloads
Users will need to view Workload state.
- Printing summarize state and information about Resources
- Printing complete state and information about Resources
- Printing specific fields from Resources
- Query Resources matching labels
Kubectl supports debugging by providing commands for:
- Printing Container logs
- Printing cluster events
- Exec or attaching to a Container
- Copying files from Containers in the cluster to a user’s filesystem
On occasion, users may need to perform operations to the Nodes of cluster. Kubectl supports commands to drain Workloads from a Node so that it can be decommission or debugged.
Users may find using Resource Config overly verbose for Development and prefer to work with the cluster imperatively with a shell-like workflow. Kubectl offers porcelain commands for generating and modifying Resources.
- Generating + creating Resources such as Deployments, StatefulSets, Services, ConfigMaps, etc
- Setting fields on Resources
- Editing (live) Resources in a text editor
Porcelain For Dev OnlyPorcelain commands are time saving for experimenting with workloads in a dev cluster, but shouldn’t be used for production.
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