openapi

Specify where kustomize gets its OpenAPI schema.

Kustomize uses kubernetes OpenAPI data to get merge key and patch strategy information about resource types. Kustomize has an OpenAPI schema builtin, but this schema only has information about builtin kubernetes types. If you need to provide merge key and patch strategy information about custom resource types, you will have to provide your own OpenAPI schema to do so.

In your kustomization file, you can specify where kustomize should get its OpenAPI schema via an openapi field. For example:

resources:
- my_resource.yaml

openapi:
  path: my_schema.json

The openapi field of a kustomization file can either a path to a custom schema file, as in the example above. It can also be used to explicitly tell kustomize to use a builtin kubernetes OpenAPI schema:

resources:
- my_resource.yaml

openapi:
  version: v1.20.4

You can see what builtin kubernetes OpenAPI schemas are available with the command kustomize openapi info.

Here is an example of a custom resource we might want to edit with a custom OpenAPI schema file. It looks like this:

apiVersion: example.com/v1alpha1
kind: MyResource
metadata:
  name: service
spec:
  template:
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: server
        image: server
        command: example
        ports:
        - name: grpc
          protocol: TCP
          containerPort: 8080

This resource has an image field. Let’s change its value from server to nginx with a patch. You can get an OpenAPI document like this from your locally favored cluster with the command kustomize openapi fetch. Kustomize will use the OpenAPI extensions x-kubernetes-patch-merge-key and x-kubernetes-patch-strategy to perform a strategic merge. x-kubernetes-patch-strategy should be set to “merge”, and you can set your merge key to whatever you like.

Below, our custom resource inherits merge keys from PodTemplateSpec. In the definition of “io.k8s.api.core.v1.Container”, the ports field has its merge key set to “containerPort”:

{
  "definitions": {
    "v1alpha1.MyResource": {
      "properties": {
        "apiVersion": {
          "type": "string"
        },
        "kind": {
          "type": "string"
        },
        "metadata": {
          "type": "object"
        },
        "spec": {
          "properties": {
            "template": {
              "\$ref": "#/definitions/io.k8s.api.core.v1.PodTemplateSpec"
            }
          },
          "type": "object"
        },
        "status": {
           "properties": {
            "success": {
              "type": "boolean"
            }
          },
          "type": "object"
        }
      },
      "type": "object",
      "x-kubernetes-group-version-kind": [
        {
          "group": "example.com",
          "kind": "MyResource",
          "version": "v1alpha1"
        }
      ]
    },
    "io.k8s.api.core.v1.PodTemplateSpec": {
      "properties": {
        "metadata": {
          "\$ref": "#/definitions/io.k8s.apimachinery.pkg.apis.meta.v1.ObjectMeta"
        },
        "spec": {
          "\$ref": "#/definitions/io.k8s.api.core.v1.PodSpec"
        }
      },
      "type": "object"
    },
    "io.k8s.apimachinery.pkg.apis.meta.v1.ObjectMeta": {
      "properties": {
        "name": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      },
      "type": "object"
    },
    "io.k8s.api.core.v1.PodSpec": {
      "properties": {
        "containers": {
          "items": {
            "\$ref": "#/definitions/io.k8s.api.core.v1.Container"
          },
          "type": "array",
          "x-kubernetes-patch-merge-key": "name",
          "x-kubernetes-patch-strategy": "merge"
        }
      },
      "type": "object"
    },
    "io.k8s.api.core.v1.Container": {
      "properties": {
        "command": {
          "items": {
            "type": "string"
          },
          "type": "array"
        },
        "image": {
          "type": "string"
        },
        "name": {
          "type": "string"
        },
        "ports": {
          "items": {
            "\$ref": "#/definitions/io.k8s.api.core.v1.ContainerPort"
          },
          "type": "array",
          "x-kubernetes-list-map-keys": [
            "containerPort",
            "protocol"
          ],
          "x-kubernetes-list-type": "map",
          "x-kubernetes-patch-merge-key": "containerPort",
          "x-kubernetes-patch-strategy": "merge"
        }
      },
      "type": "object"
    },
    "io.k8s.api.core.v1.ContainerPort": {
      "properties": {
        "containerPort": {
          "format": "int32",
          "type": "integer"
        },
        "name": {
          "type": "string"
        },
        "protocol": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      },
      "type": "object"
    }
  }
}

Then, our kustomization file to do the patch can be as follows:

resources:
- my_resource.yaml

openapi:
  path: my_schema.json

patchesStrategicMerge:
- |-
  apiVersion: example.com/v1alpha1
  kind: MyResource
  metadata:
    name: service
  spec:
    template:
      spec:
        containers:
        - name: server
          image: nginx  


Last modified February 4, 2022: Fix order of kustomization section (92025990)